PAVILION OF ART is placed in the Belgrade city centre and it is meant to be a multifunctional space gathering different types of art.
View from Njegoseva Street
The city council issued a tender for this project in March 2002 and they announced a public competition for the solution, so working on my diploma gave me an opportunity to work with a real location, in the real environment with the predefined set of rules of a real tender.
The location of ‘Pavilion of Art’ is in the prime of the city - in the middle of the stretch from Kalemegdan park and Knez Mihajlova Street on one side, and St. Sava plateau on the other, stretch that has the strongest trade and business offer and the strongest pedestrian flow in Belgrade.
The square is a triangular shape and spreads out next to the famous Belgrade’s Yugoslav Drama Theatre, Hotel 'Park' and Student Cultural Centre, and it is surrounded with a large park. This square is also known as “The Square Of Flowers” and it surely deserves the etiquette of one of the most exclusive (and most expensive) present locations in the city.
In spite of all the constraints that this location set such as: large and irregular ground levels; an obligation to create a design around a big, old tree that was protected by Law and was located in the centre of the square; a number of traffic regulations that had to be abided by; a request for cost-justification for every square meter of used space, etc, I found this project to be a real challenge.
PAVILLION OF ART has two sections above the ground, one with two and the other with three floors, and two underground floors below both sections. It has around 12 000 square meters and within its premises includes numerous different contents, such as: Art cinema, Music hall, Art library, Art reading-hall, Conferential hall, Video presentation hall, Hall for book promotions, Hall for public Lecturers, Art galleries, Art bazaar, Studios, as well as the Internet-caffe and Restaurant that are located on the top floor of the building within the roof terrace that has a beautiful city-centre view. I have designed these roof terraces to be “green oases”, with a lot of different plants, flowers and small trees in them.
All spaces are designed to be high quality finished using a variety of modern materials, depending on the space content. Its facade is made from the reflective glass (it is semi-structural, wall-curtain facade) so that visually it does not suffocate the square space. At the same time the glass is not totally reflective but it allows passers by to see a hint of what is happening inside inviting them to come in. In combination with metal elements, this structure has simple, but modern and attractive look.
Vertical communications are visually stressed - they are within concrete panels that are streched through all levels, and technically-technologically observed this object is “easy to read” one.
At the basement of structure there is a spacious public garage for employees’ and visitors’ use. This made it possible to turn Njegoseva Street (which is presently cul-de-sac and is used as a parking area) into ecological, pedestrian zone.
An interesting gateway from this garage toward Svetozara Markovica Street is designed as a small outlook centre.
In spite of the fact that this object was placed on an irregularly sloped ground, by appropriate choice of floor levels, I made it possible to access the structure from all sides, and to gain the maximal utilisation of the space.
This project was my diploma work and even though I did not participate in the public tender my professors were highly satisfied with it and I was publicly congratulated on the originality of the work.
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